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𐤑, ṣ

Acceptable ways to write it: tsad (tsd)

The letter tsad (𐤑) or Ts/ts (/) is the eighteenth letter in the Afroasiatic language known as Paleo-Hebrew (Ābarayat). The letter has been equated with the letter Ts in the English language. Nonetheless, it’s a combination of two letters in order to create the sound that was produced by the original Paleo-Hebrew letter.

The Paleo-Hebrew language or the original language of the Ābarayam is one spoken with an emphasis on the rauakh (breath, wind, spirit). With the language of the Ābarayam, each letter has a meaning and a number associated with it that adds meaning to each word they’re used with. Below you will be able to learn more about the letter in Ancient Hebrew, Yiddish Hebrew, Greek, and much more.

Letter Meanings

𐤑 (ts) – tsaman on his side, snare, correct trail, need, desire, hunt, wait
PrefixNot applicable
SuffixNot applicable

Based on the meaning of the letters the word could be defined as:

  • “correction of…”
  • “snare a…”
  • “desire of…”
  • “hunt of…”

Definitions for 𐤑 / ts


man on his side, snare, correct trail, need, desire, hunt, wait, fish hook

EnglishTs tsts/ts/

the combination of the letters and s in the modern English alphabet.

Hebrewצ ץs/s/



homogeneity, consistent, full (i.e. a solid block)

GreekϺ Ͷ / Ͳ Ϡ / Ϸ/tsʼ/[ts]

san: an archaic letter of the Greek alpha-beta

Images for 𐤑 / ts

History of Meaning

The pictograph of the word is of a fish hook and can refer to catching something. The original picture can symbolize something inescapable, or pulling toward, or a harvest being taken. The pictograph is a picture of a trail leading to a destination such as a watering hole or another trail. The letter is also connected to tsad (𐤑𐤃) meaning side, against, or concerning.

History of the Letter Ts or Ṣ

The origin of ts is unclear. It may have come from a Proto-Sinaitic script based on a pictogram of a plant, perhaps a papyrus plant, or a fishhook (in Modern Hebrew, צד (tsad) means “[he] hunt[ed]”, and in Arabic صاد ṣād means “[he] hunted”).

Proto-Sinaitic (also referred to as Sinaitic, Proto-Canaanite when found in Canaan, the North Semitic alphabet, or Early Alphabetic) is considered the earliest trace of alphabetic writing and the common ancestor of both the Ancient South Arabian script and the Phoenician alphabet, which led to many modern alphabets including the Greek alphabet.

According to common theory, Canaanites who spoke a Semitic language (hypothetically reconstructed as Proto-Semitic) repurposed Egyptian hieroglyphs to construct a different script. The script is attested in a small corpus of inscriptions found at Serabit el-Khadim in the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt dating to the Middle Bronze Age [2100 (1825)–1500 BCE (2425 )]. The earliest proto-Sinaitic inscriptions are mostly dated between about 1950 BCE (1975 ) [early date] and about 1550 BCE (2375 ) [late date].

Ṣ (minuscule: ṣ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, formed from an S with the addition of a dot below the letter. Its uses include:

  • In the Alvarez/Hale orthography of the Tohono Oʼodham language to represent retroflex [ʂ].
  • the transliteration of Indic languages to represent retroflex [ʂ]
  • the transcription of Afro-Asiatic languages (mostly Semitic languages) to represent an “emphatic s” [sˤ] as in Arabic ص (Ṣād) and as in the Hebrew צ (Tzadi/Ṣādī) spoken by the Jews of Yemen and North Africa
  • the orthography of Yoruba in Nigeria to represent the voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant (the English “sh” sound)

Definitions for 𐤑𐤉 / tsay

When adding the 𐤉 (yad) to the end of a word, it creates a possessive of the original word. It can either signify “my…” or identify a member of a nation. For example, 𐤏𐤁𐤓 (Ābar) is the progenitor, but 𐤏𐤁𐤓𐤉 (Ābaray) is the singular descendant of him also known as a Hebrew.

Ābarayat 𐤑𐤉tsaytsey

a ship


a vessel, especially a large oceangoing one propelled by sails or engines.


a ship


Images for 𐤑𐤉 / tsay

Definitions for 𐤑𐤉𐤌 / tsayam

When adding the 𐤌 (mayam) after the 𐤉 (yad) to the end of a word, it creates a plural of the original word. It can identify multiple members of a nation. For example, 𐤏𐤁𐤓 (Ābar) is the progenitor, but 𐤏𐤁𐤓𐤉𐤌 (Ābarayam) are the plural descendants of him also known as Hebrews.

Ābarayat 𐤑𐤉𐤌tsayamtsaw-yawm



vessels, especially a large oceangoing one propelled by sails or engines.




Images for 𐤑𐤉𐤌 / tsayam

Definitions for 𐤑𐤉𐤕 / tsayat

When adding the (tau) after the 𐤉 (yad) to the end of a word, it creates a plural of the original word. It identifies the language or a sign of a nation’s existence. For example, 𐤏𐤁𐤓 (Ābar) is the progenitor, but 𐤏𐤁𐤓𐤉𐤕 (Ābarayat) is the language of him also known as Paleo-Hebrew language.

Ābarayat 𐤑𐤉𐤕tsayattsaw-yawt

Images for 𐤑𐤉𐤕 / tsayat


You can continue your studies of the words by viewing Strong’s entries for:

  • Arauakah Ābarayat #4537
  • Strong’s Hebrew #
  • Strong’s Greek Concordance #
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