y - yad
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Categories: Alphabet, Body, Divine

Acceptable ways to write it: yad (yd)

The letter yad (𐤉) or Y/y is the tenth letter in the Afroasiatic language known as Paleo-Hebrew (Ābarayat). The letter has been equated with the letter Z in the English language. Also, the letter is one of the few that has not been impacted by the evolution of language over time.

The letter has been equated with the letter Y, the letter I, and the letter J in the English language. However, the letters I and J came into effect later and are mostly associated with Modern Hebrew, whereas it originally came from a branch of the Paleo-Hebrew letter we associate with Y in the English language.

The Paleo-Hebrew language or the original language of the Ābarayam is one spoken with an emphasis on the rauakh (breath, wind, spirit). With the language of the Ābarayam, each letter has a meaning and a number associated with it that adds meaning to each word they’re used with. Below you will be able to learn more about the letter in Ancient Hebrew, Yiddish Hebrew, Greek, and much more.

Letter Meanings

𐤉 (y) – yaarm, hand, work, thrust, deed, make, throw, worship
Prefixhe/she, turns a word third person
Suffixestablishes a relation to, descendant of, the likeness of.
Creates a possessive like my, of mine, me.
Forms a plural of the word when followed by 𐤌 (m).

Based on the meaning of the letters the word could be defined as:

  • “He…”
  • “She…”
  • “hand of…”
  • “work of…”
  • “deed of…”
  • “creation of…”
  • “create a…”
  • “worship a…”
  • “worship of…”

Definitions for 𐤉 / y


arm, hand, work, thrust, deed, make, throw, worship

EnglishY yy/ˈwaɪ/

the twenty-fifth letter and the nineteenth consonant of the modern English alphabet.


arm, hand


me, will, power

GreekΙ ιi[i]

the ninth letter of the Greek alpha-beta

Images for 𐤉 / y

History of Meaning

The pictograph of the word is of the hand and arm of a man. The length of the arm, from fingertip to elbow is called a cubit. The pronunciation of the word can make the “ya” sound or “ee” sound. It is the beginning of the name of our heavenly father, The Most High Alahayam, YaHaYaH. Also, when used with words it can signify an individual member of a community. For example, Ābar is the progenitor of his family and a member of his family is an Ābaray. However, when followed by a 𐤌 (mayam) it means multiple members of a community. For example, an Ābaray is one Hebrew but Ābarayam means Hebrews in reference to multiple of them.

History of the Letter Y

The letter Y was introduced in 1000 BCE (2925 ). The claims are that the letter Y received its origins from 𐤅 (uau). However, that is based purely on a visual perspective rather than a phonetic standpoint as the original Abarayam would have used it. For example, J’s phonetic pronunciation began with the sound of the letter I. Originally the pictogram represented a sound similar to the Y in “yes,” the letter I was later adopted by Semitic groups to describe the word “arm” which, in Semitic languages, began with a J (also possessing the same Y sound that you would use for the word “yes”).

The English language is infamous for matching similar phonemes with different letters and J is certainly no exception. The J sound you hear in the word “hallelujah” is pronounced, “halleluyah.”

History of the Letter I

The letter I was introduced in 1000 BCE (2924 ). The Greeks adopted the letter as “iota” changing it to a vertical squiggle. By 700 BC, “I” became the straight line we use today. The dot first appears in manuscripts of about the 11th century and was used to distinguish the letter and assist reading in words in which it was in close proximity to letters such as or m. The dot frequently took the form of a dash.

It became the custom in medieval manuscripts to distinguish the prominent “i” by continuing it below the line, and it was from this habit that the differentiation of the letters “i” and “j” arose. The initial letter, nearly always lengthened, had most frequently a consonantal force, and this led to “j” representing the consonant, “i” the vowel. The two letters were not considered separate until the 17th century.

In (), the letter represented a sound akin to the English y. In Greek, Latin, and the Romance languages it has represented a high front vowel similar to English long e, as in be.

History of the Letter J

The letter J was introduced in 1640 BCE (5565 ). It was not differentiated from the letter i until comparatively modern times. It was the custom in medieval manuscripts to lengthen the letter I when it was in a prominent position, notably when it was initial. As initial I usually had consonantal force, the lengthened form came definitely to be regarded as representing the consonant and the short form the vowel in whatever position they occurred.

The process of differentiation began about the 14th century but was not complete until the 17th century. For certain purposes—an alphabetical series, for example—the letters I and J are not always regarded as distinct, the enumeration passing occasionally from I to K.

In English, the letter J represents the same sound (dž) in all positions, and deviations from it are extremely rare even in words of foreign origin. In the bird name jaeger, however, the sound dž and the sound “y” are both admitted. The minuscule form “j” is the lengthened form, retaining the dot, of minuscule “i”.

Definitions for 𐤉𐤉 / yay

When adding the 𐤉 (yad) to the end of a word, it creates a possessive of the original word. It can either signify “my…” or identify a member of a nation. For example, 𐤏𐤁𐤓 (Ābar) is the progenitor, but 𐤏𐤁𐤓𐤉 (Ābaray) is the singular descendant of him also known as a Hebrew.

Ābarayat 𐤉𐤉yayyey

Images for 𐤉𐤉 / yay

Definitions for 𐤉𐤉𐤌 / yayam

When adding the 𐤌 (mayam) after the 𐤉 (yad) to the end of a word, it creates a plural of the original word. It can identify multiple members of a nation. For example, 𐤏𐤁𐤓 (Ābar) is the progenitor, but 𐤏𐤁𐤓𐤉𐤌 (Ābarayam) are the plural descendants of him also known as Hebrews.

Ābarayat 𐤉𐤉𐤌yayamyaw-yawm

Images for 𐤉𐤉𐤌 / yayam

Definitions for 𐤉𐤉𐤕 / yayat

When adding the (tau) after the 𐤉 (yad) to the end of a word, it creates a plural of the original word. It identifies the language or a sign of a nation’s existence. For example, 𐤏𐤁𐤓 (Ābar) is the progenitor, but 𐤏𐤁𐤓𐤉𐤕 (Ābarayat) is the language of him also known as Paleo-Hebrew language.

Ābarayat 𐤉𐤉𐤕yayatyaw-yawt

Images for 𐤉𐤉𐤕 / yayat


You can continue your studies of the words by viewing Strong’s entries for:

  • Arauakah Ābarayat #1993
  • Strong’s Hebrew #
  • Strong’s Greek Concordance #

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