Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet

The Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet also known as Ābarayt (Ābryt), the Proto-Hebrew Alphabet, Old Hebrew Alphabet, or Phoenician Hebrew Alphabet is the original Hebrew used by the Hebrew people and Israelites of the Bible. After several generations, the language was changed by the Masoretes, lost, and then replaced with Modern or Ashkenazi Israeli Hebrew. Below you will see a comparison of the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet to the Modern Hebrew, Arabic, and English. You can learn more about the history of the language on our site or learn about the Ābaray Yasharaal on the Hebrew Resources website.
𐤀 alaph
𐤁 bayt
𐤂 gymal
𐤃 dalat
𐤄 ha
𐤅 uau
𐤆 zayn
𐤇 hath
𐤈 tat
𐤉 yud
𐤊 kaph
𐤋 lamad
𐤌 mam
𐤍 nun
𐤎 samak
𐤏 ayn
(ghayn?)
𐤐 pa
𐤑 tsada
𐤒 quph
𐤓 rash
𐤔 shyn
𐤕 tau
Written
A
Ba
Ga
Da
Ha
Ua
Za
Cha
Tha or
Ta
Ya
Ka
La
Ma
Na
Sa
Ā (I) or
Gha
Pa or
Pha
Tsa
Qa
Ra
Sha
Ta
Meaning
Ox, strength, leader
House, family, "in"
Foot, pride, camel
Tent door, pathway
Look, Behold, The, Reveal, breath, man
Nail, tent peg, hook, to secure, connect, Messiah
Weapon, cut off, sickle, harvest, food, feed
Tent wall, fence, separation, divide
Basket, Snake, Surround, Store, Contain, clay, below, womb
Arm, hand, work, thrust, deed, make, throw, worship
Palm of the hand, to open, tame, subdue, bend, curve
Staff, Goad, Control, Toward, Protect, Authority, bind, yoke, lead
Water, Chaos, mighty, liquid, massive, sea, blemish
Offspring, seed, fish, heir, kingdom, continue, perpetuate
Shield, pierce, sharp, support, prop, hate, hand on staff
Eye, to see, experience, watch, heed, know, cover, color
Mouth, word, speak, edge, sword, scatter, blow
Man on his side, snare, correct trail, need, desire, hunt, wait
Divide, sun on horizon, behind, gather, condense, Go around, circle.
Head and person, man, beginning, top, rule, inheritance, possession
Teeth, eat, consume, destroy, bite, two, change, divide, press, repeat
Mark, sign, covenant, signature, ID of people, places or things
Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
200
300
400
English
A a,
E e
B b,
V v
C c,
G g
D d
H h,
E e
U u,
V v,
W w,
Y y
Z z
Ch ch
Th th
Y y,
I i,
J j
K k
L l
M m
N n
S s,
X x
Ā ā,
Gh gh,
O o,
E e,
I i
P p,
F f
TS ts
Q q
R r
Sh sh
T t,
X x
Aramaic / Syriac
ܐ
ܒ
ܓ
ܕ
ܗ
ܘ
ܙ
ܚ
ܛ
ܝ
ܟܟ
ܠ
ܡܡ
ܢܢ
ܣ
ܥ
ܦ
ܨ
ܩ
ܪ
ܫ
ܬ
Modern Hebrew
א
ב
ג
ד
ה
ו
ז
ח
ט
י
כך
ל
מם
נן
ס
ע
פף
צץ
ק
ר
ש
ת
Arabic
ا
ب
ج
د
ه
و
ز
ح
ط
ي
ك
ل
م
ن
س
ع ,غ
ف
ص
ق
ر
ش
ت
Greek
Α α
Β β
Γ γ
Δ δ
Ε ε
Ϝ ϝ, Υ υ
Ζ ζ
Η η
Θ θ
Ι ι
Κ κ
Λ λ
Μ μ
Ν ν
Ξ ξ
Ο ο, Ω ω
Π π
Ϻ, ϡ Ͳ
Ϙ ϙ, Φ φ
Ρ ρ
Σ σ ς
Τ τ