s - samak
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Acceptable ways to write it: samak (smk)

The letter samak (𐤎) or S/s is the fifteenth letter in the Afroasiatic language known as Paleo-Hebrew (Ābarayat). The letter has been equated with the letter S and the letter X in the English language. Nonetheless, the letter S is more common in both Paleo-Hebrew and Modern Hebrew when you read over the writings.

The Paleo-Hebrew language or the original language of the Ābarayam is one spoken with an emphasis on the rauakh (breath, wind, spirit). With the language of the Ābarayam, each letter has a meaning and a number associated with it that adds meaning to each word they’re used with. Below you will be able to learn more about the letter in Ancient Hebrew, Yiddish Hebrew, Greek, and much more.

Letter Meanings

𐤎 (s) – sashield, pierce, sharp, support, prop, hate, hand on staff
PrefixNot applicable
SuffixMarks the possessive form of nouns used for people.
Marks the plurals form of regular nouns that do not end in 𐤌 (mayam) or (nauan).

Based on the meaning of the letters the word could be defined as:

  • “shield of…”
  • pierce a…”
  • “support of…”
  • “hatred of…”

Definitions for 𐤎 / s


shield, pierce, sharp, support, prop, hate, hand on staff

EnglishS ss/s/

the nineteenth letter and the fifteenth consonant of the modern English alphabet.


pillar, support


in progress, support, energy flowing

GreekΞ ξs[s]

the fourteenth letter of the Greek alpha-beta

Images for 𐤎 / s

History of Meaning

The pictograph of the word is of a prop or something supporting or assisting. The desert of the Ābarayam has many species of thorns and thistles. The picture can be interpreted to be a thorn, which attaches itself to the flesh causing pain. Our English word “sin” comes from this letter as it also causes pain in our flesh.

History of the Letter S

The visual appearance of the letter S was introduced in 3600 BCE (325 ). Early “S’s” appeared 3,600 years ago as a horizontal, curvy “W” shape, meant to denote an archer’s bow. Phoenicians added an angularity that looks more like our “W’s” At this stage it was known as “shin” meaning “tooth.” The early Greeks rotated it to the vertical and called it “sigma” with the “s” sound — and the Romans flipped it.

The origins of the long s ( ſ ) can be traced all the way back to old Roman cursive, a script used in Rome for everyday, informal writing from the first century AD to about the third century. In this script, the letter s was written as a vertical downstroke with a small curve at the end of it, and a diagonal upstroke at the top. It looked almost like a checkmark, with an added diagonal line on top of it.

In the late eighteenth century saw the long s dropped en mass from printed works. By the early nineteenth century, most printers had only one type of s in their arsenal—the short one—and the people who made the type for the printing presses stopped making the long s. The process was slower and more gradual in handwriting, though, where the long s hung on until the second half of the nineteenth century.

History of the Letter X

The visual appearance of the letter X was introduced in 1460 BCE (5385 ). The ancient Greeks had a letter “ksi” which sounded like our “X.” Lower case “x’s” arrive via handwritten manuscripts of early medieval times and the Italian printers of the late 15th century. Both in classical Ancient Greek and in Modern Greek, the letter Ξ represents the consonant cluster /ks/. In some archaic local variants of the Greek alphabet, this letter was missing. Instead, especially in the dialects of most of the Greek mainland and Euboea, the cluster /ks/ was represented by Χ (which in classical Greek is chi, used for /kʰ/).

Because this variant of the Greek alphabet was used in Magna Graecia (the Greek colonies in Sicilly and the southern part of the Italian peninsula), the Latin alphabet borrowed Χ rather than Ξ as the Latin letter that represented the /ks/ cluster that was also present in Latin.

Definitions for 𐤎𐤉 / say

When adding the 𐤉 (yad) to the end of a word, it creates a possessive of the original word. It can either signify “my…” or identify a member of a nation. For example, 𐤏𐤁𐤓 (Ābar) is the progenitor, but 𐤏𐤁𐤓𐤉 (Ābaray) is the singular descendant of him also known as a Hebrew.

Ābarayat 𐤎𐤉saysey

Images for 𐤎𐤉 / say

Definitions for 𐤎𐤉𐤌 / sayam

When adding the 𐤌 (mayam) after the 𐤉 (yad) to the end of a word, it creates a plural of the original word. It can identify multiple members of a nation. For example, 𐤏𐤁𐤓 (Ābar) is the progenitor, but 𐤏𐤁𐤓𐤉𐤌 (Ābarayam) are the plural descendants of him also known as Hebrews.

Ābarayat 𐤎𐤉𐤌sayamsaw-yawm

Images for 𐤎𐤉𐤌 / sayam

Definitions for 𐤎𐤉𐤕 / sayat

When adding the (tau) after the 𐤉 (yad) to the end of a word, it creates a plural of the original word. It identifies the language or a sign of a nation’s existence. For example, 𐤏𐤁𐤓 (Ābar) is the progenitor, but 𐤏𐤁𐤓𐤉𐤕 (Ābarayat) is the language of him also known as Paleo-Hebrew language.

Ābarayat 𐤎𐤉𐤕sayatsaw-yawt

Images for 𐤎𐤉𐤕 / sayat


You can continue your studies of the words by viewing Strong’s entries for:

  • Arauakah Ābarayat #3773
  • Strong’s Hebrew #
  • Strong’s Greek Concordance #

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