Tau (𐤕)

Acceptable ways to write it: tau, tu

The letter tau (𐤕) is the twenty-second letter in the Afroasiatic language known as Paleo-Hebrew. The letter has been equated with the letter T, the letter Th, and the letter X in the English language. Nonetheless, the letter T is the more accurate letter but possibly had a similar pronunciation to that of X in earlier days or could entirely be attributed to the similarity in looks between the two letters. However, it should not be confused with the letter tat (𐤈) in the Paleo-Hebrew language, which holds a Th equivalent. 

The Paleo-Hebrew language or Original Ābarayam language is one spoken with an emphasis on the rauach (breath, wind, spirit). With the language of the Ābarayam, each letter has a meaning and a number associated with it that adds meaning to each word they’re used with. Below you will be able to learn more about the letter in Ancient Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek, and much more. However, you can read more about the Paleo-Hebrew alaph-bayt on Wikipedia.

paleo-hebrew tau
Ābarayt
Paleo-Hebrew
Ancient Hebrew
English
Masoretic Hebrew
Askenazi Hebrew
Israeli Hebrew
Modern Hebrew
Arabic
Aramaic
Syriac (Aramaic)
Greek
Latin
Cyrillic
South Arabian
Ge'ez
Letter
𐤕
T t
ת
ت
ܬ
Τ τ
ϛ
Χ χ
T t
X x
Т т
Ѿ ѿ
Х х
ጠ ፀ
Transliteration
tau
t
tav
ta
taw
taw
tau
stigma
chi
T
X
Te
Ot
Kha
Pronunciation
tāw
t
tav
tāʼ
taw
taw
/ˈtaʊ/

/ˈkaɪ/

t
/ˈɛks/
t

ch

Number
400
N/A
400
400
400
400
300

600

300
800
600
Definition
Mark, sign, covenant, signature, ID of people, places or things
Mark, sign
Time, following / retrospective

History of the Meaning

The pictograph of the word is of a mark or sign resembling an “X” or a cross “+” tilted to the side, also of a covenant, the mark of the covenant. So it is the picture of two crossed sticks is a mark such as a “target” one aims at when shooting. The original picture is a type of “mark,” probably of two sticks crossed to mark a place, similar to the Egyptian hieroglyph, a picture of two crossed sticks. This letter has the meanings of “mark,” “sign” and “signature.”

History of the letter T

The letter T was introduced in 700 BCE (3225 AM). “T” in its modern, lower-case form, is found all over ancient Semitic inscriptions. The Greeks named it “tau” and added a cross stroke at the top to differentiate it from “X.” In English, it is most commonly used to represent the voiceless alveolar plosive, a sound it also denotes in the International Phonetic Alphabet. It is the most commonly used consonant and the second most common letter in English-language texts.

The sound value of Semitic Taw, Greek alphabet Tαυ (Tau), Old Italic, and Latin T has remained fairly constant, representing [t] in each of these; and it has also kept its original basic shape in most of these alphabets.

NOTE: We believe that between the transitions from Abaray, Greek, Roman/Latin, and to English that true equivalent may have been mixed with the Abaray tat (𐤈)’s “th” as most Modern Hebrew words use “th”. We are still researching to find a definitive answer.

History of the letter X

The visual appearance of the letter X was introduced in 800 BCE (3125 AM). The ancient Greeks had a letter “ksi” which sounded like our “X.” Lower case “x’s” arrives via handwritten manuscripts of early medieval times and the Italian printing presses of the late 15th century.

In Ancient Greek, ‘Χ’ and ‘Ψ’ were among several variants of the same letter, used originally for /kʰ/ and later, in western areas such as Arcadia, as a simplification of the digraph ‘ΧΣ’ for /ks/. In the end, more conservative eastern forms became the standard of Classical Greek, and thus ‘Χ’ (Chi) stood for /kʰ/. However, the Etruscans had taken over ‘Χ’ from western Greek, and it, therefore, stands for /ks/ in Etruscan and Latin. The letter ‘Χ’ ~ ‘Ψ’ for /kʰ/ was a Greek addition to the alphabet, placed after the Semitic letters along with phi ‘Φ’ for /pʰ/.