Hath (𐤇)

Acceptable ways to write it: hath, hth, chath, chth

The letter hath (𐤇) is the eighth letter in the Afroasiatic language known as Paleo-Hebrew. The letter has been equated with the letter Ch or H in the English language. However, it shouldn’t be confused with the Paleo-Hebrew letter ha (𐤄) which also can be equated with the letter H by itself. Nonetheless, the letters hold different pronunciations.

The Paleo-Hebrew language or Original Ābarayam language is one spoken with an emphasis on the rauach (breath, wind, spirit). With the language of the Ābarayam, each letter has a meaning and a number associated with it that adds meaning to each word they’re used with. Below you will be able to learn more about the letter in Ancient Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek, and much more. However, you can read more about the Paleo-Hebrew alaph-bayt on Wikipedia.

paleo-hebrew hath
Ābarayt
Paleo-Hebrew
Ancient Hebrew
English
Masoretic Hebrew
Askenazi Hebrew
Israeli Hebrew
Modern Hebrew
Arabic
Aramaic
Syriac (Aramaic)
Greek
Latin
Cyrillic
South Arabian
Ge'ez
Letter
𐤇
Ch ch
H h
ח
ح
ܚ
Η η
Ͱ ͱ
Ch ch
H h
И и
ሀ ኀ
Transliteration
hath
Ch
H
heth
ha
heth
het
Eta
Heta
Ch
H
I
Pronunciation
haa-th
ch
h
Ḥēth
Ḥā'
Ḥēth
Ḥēṯ
eɪtə
ch
h
i
Number
8
N/A
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
Definition
Tent wall, fence, separation, outside, inside, half, divide
courtyard, thread
Life, Benefit, Live

History of the Meaning

The pictograph of the word is of a tent wall. The meanings of this letter are “outside,” as the function of the wall is to protect the occupants from the elements, half, as the wall in the middle of the tent divides the tent into the male and female sections, and secular, as something that is outside. When added to a word the sound is more of a “ch” sound.

History of the letter H

The letter H was introduced in 1066 CE (4991 AM). It’s one of the most controversial letters in the English language. The breathy sound associated with the letter made academics argue that the letter was unnecessary — and many Latin and British scholars began dropping the “H” in 500 CE. Despite the controversy, “H” secured a spot in our alphabet.

In the alphabets used to write Greek, the letter became superfluous as a result of the disappearance of the aspirate which it represented in that dialect. It was accordingly put to new use to indicate the open long e which had arisen through alteration of the primitive Greek long a. 

In English, the initial h is pronounced in words of Germanic origin (e.g., hunt, hook); in some words of Romance origin, the h remains unpronounced (e.g., heir, honour), but in others, it has been restored (e.g., humble, humour). The initial h often disappears in unaccented syllables (e.g., “What did he say?”).

History of the letter Ch

The letter Ch was introduced in 200 BCE (3725 AM). “Ch” is frequently used in transliterating into many European languages from Greek, Hebrew, Yiddish, and various others.

The digraph was first used in Latin in the 2nd century B.C. to transliterate the sound of the Greek letter chi in words borrowed from that language. In classical times, Greeks pronounced this as an aspirated voiceless velar plosive [kʰ]. In post-classical Greek (Koine and Modern) this sound developed into a fricative [x]. Since neither sound was found in native Latin words (with some exceptions like pulcher ‘beautiful’, where the original sound [k] was influenced by [l] or [r]), in Late Latin the pronunciation [k] occurred.

In Old French, a language that had no [kʰ] or [x] and represented [k] by c, k, or qu, ch began to be used to represent the voiceless palatal plosive [c], which came from [k] in some positions and later became [tʃ] and then [ʃ]. Now the digraph ch is used for all the aforementioned sounds, as shown below. The Old French usage of ch was also a model of several other digraphs for palatals or postalveolars: lh (digraph), nh (digraph), sh (digraph).